Tag Archive: deped

High school graduates can be productively employed even without a college degree once two years are added to basic education, Education Secretary Armin Luistro said today.

The education chief recently announced his plan to implement President Noynoy Aquino’s agenda of increasing the basic education cycle from the current 10 years to 12 years, a plan that he referred to as the “enhanced K+12 basic education program.”

He explained that “K” refers to “Kindergarten” while the number “12″ refers to the sum of seven years of grade school and five years of high school.

He said that these reforms will be implemented gradually over a number of years and may go beyond the term of the current or even next administration.

Luistro said that the Department of Education (DepEd) is currently working on a concept paper that will outline the proposed revisions to the public school curriculum and how these will be implemented and funded. He added that DepEd will present the proposal to the public on October 5, 2010, which is World Teachers’ Day, so that all education stakeholders can give their feedback.

Luistro said that these reforms will aim to ensure that future high school graduates are ready to be productively employed even without completing college.

“The current thinking and the current culture in the Philippines is that if you don’t finish with a college degree, there is something missing in your life. What should basic education be? To me, what is basic is that [high school graduates] should be able to live a meaningful life, they should be able to be prepared to start a family, and thirdly they should be able to be productively employed,” explained Luistro.

He added that the DepEd will explore how public schools can better develop Filipino’ students skills and talents in the arts, sports, agriculture, fisheries, and in technical or vocational fields, among others.

“Perhaps our current curriculum is too academic in orientation,” said Luistro. “What are the needs of industry? You need to match that with the gifts, resources, and interests of young people.”

Re-examine reform priorities

But some educators believe that DepEd should re-examine its reform priorities.

“Our immediate focus should be just improving basic education. The dropout rate is very, very high and the quality of education is very, very low,” says Milwida Guevara, chief executive officer of Synergeia, an NGO that focuses on improving the quality of public school education through greater local government support.

Guevara said that DepEd should focus instead on improving the quality of education in kindergarten, pre-school, and in grades one to four of elementary school. She added that adding two years to the education cycle “will address the problem of the lack of quality of students in the high school, and also in the university, but it does not address the problem in earlier years of schooling.”

She said that as many as 30 percent of students who enter grade one drop out before grade six, and that these figures are higher in some areas of Mindanao. “It’s too late to have an intervention after grade six,” she said.

DepEd’s proposal also drew mixed reactions from visitors to the GMANews.TV Facebook Fan Page.

“Add two more years for high school? Para sa apat na years na high school nga lang, kulang na ang budget ng mga magulang. Dadagdagan mo pa ng dalawa? And besides, from the start,hindi naman ‘yung years ang problema, kundi ung kakulangan ng libro and materials para sa mga students, pati na rin ung kakulangan sa teachers,” said Facebook user Kevin Taboada.

(Parents can hardly afford to pay for four years of high school, and yet they want to add two more years? Besides, the number of years is not the problem. It’s the lack of books and educational materials for students, and the lack of teachers.)

Other Facebook users believed the proposal would help make Filipino graduates more globally competitive.

Dubai-based OFW Hannah Zipporah Tayo said, “Natapos ko ang 10 years high school standard sa ‘Pinas, and I had to pursue further studies in Dubai. None of the universities and colleges accepted me, kasi ‘di nila recognize ang 10 years standard. Siguro nga kailangan ng upgrade ang curriculum!”

(I finished ten years of high school in the Philippines, and I had to pursue further studies in Dubai. None of the universities and colleges accepted me because they did not recognize my ten years of education. I think the curriculum should be upgraded!)

Dennis Montas Lorejo, a Filipino who teaches in the United States, wrote, “To conform with the global standard, we must move to a 12-year basic education. Also, strengthen the teachers knowledge and skills so that they may bring better instructions to their students. Upgrade the school facilities, impose the use of technology in schools, raise teachers salary, and a lot more. But we must start with something, right?”

April Joy Cruz said, “Quality is better than quantity. Tingin ko, kahit dagdagan ng two years, pero ang situation ng mga public school students na 60 to 80 students per class, walang upuan at libro, para lang nagsasayang ng oras sa eskwelahan kung wala rin naman matututunan.”

(We can add two years, but for as long as classrooms still have to be shared by 60 to 80 students, and for as long as these students have no books or chairs to use, our students will be wasting their time learning nothing.) – HS, GMANews.TV


JEJEMON is a pop culture phenomenon in the Philippines. Jejemons are defined by Urban Dictionary as those “who has managed to subvert the English language to the point of incomprehensibility and online lynch squads.” A Jejemon is described as one of a “new breed of hipsters who have developed not only their own language and written text but also their own sub-culture and fashion.” Jejemons also imitate “gangster” like attitudes which make them similar to the English chav, Scottish ned, Irish skanger, Russian gopnik and Australian & New Zealand bogan.


The word “Jejemon” supposedly originated from online users’ penchant to type in “hehehe” as “jejeje”, either because “jeje” is derived from Spanish, whose speakers denote the interjection as laughter, or because the letters “h” and “j” are beside each other, and that it is appended by “-mon” that came from the Japanese anime Pokémon, with “-mon” meant as “monster,” hence “jeje monsters.”


The origins of short-handed typing was through the short messaging service, in which each text message is limited to 160 characters. As a result, an “SMS language” developed in which words were shortened in order to fit the 160-character limit. But the “new generations” of jejemons aren’t really “conserving” characters instead they are lengthening it. In the internet, the Jejemon phenomenon started in “early April.” On April 14, 2010 at Pinoy Tumblr, a post about vice presidential candidate Jejomar Binay indicating that he was the Jejemon’s preferred vice presidential candidate, complete with a fake poster with him called as “Jejemon Binay.” Later the use of word “Jejemon” to refer such people made rounds in various Filipino internet message boards. Such short-handed language is not limited to Filipinos: Thais use “5555” to denote “hahahaha,” since the number 5 in Thai language is pronounced as “ha.”


The Jeje-mons are said to be the new “jologs”, a term used for Filipinos of the lower income class. Jejemons are often attributed to be of inferior intellect, but this belief may be wrong as a number of them exist in exclusive schools and science high schools. The parameters of being classified as a Jejemon are still unclear, and how the different “levels” of “Jejemonism” are reached, although  there are named levels such as “mild,” “moderate” and “severe” or “terminal.”


The sociolect of the Jejemons, called Jejenese, is derived from English, Filipino and their code-switched variant Taglish. Their alphabet, Jejebet, uses the Roman alphabet, including the Arabic numerals and other special characters. Words are created by rearranged letters in a word, alternating capitalization, over-usage of the letters H, X or Z and mixture of numeric characters and our normal  alphabet. The spelling convention shares similarities with Leetspeak.


  • Filipino: “3ow ph0w, mUsZtAh nA?” translated into Filipino as “Hello po, kamusta na?, and in English as “Hello, how are you?”
  • English: “i wuD LLyK tO knOw moR3 bOut u. crE 2 t3ll mE yur N@me? jejejejeje!” translated into English as “I would like to know more about you, care to tell me your name? Hehehehe!”
  • aQcKuHh- means me/ako
  • lAbqCkyOuHh- means I love you
  • yuHh- means you
  • jAjaJa- garbled words conveying laughter
  • jeJejE- a variation of jAjaJa; conveys sly laughter
  • iMiszqcKyuH- means I miss you
  • eEoWpFhUeEhsxz – means hi/hello


Initial reaction to the Jejemons is irritation and bewilderment. Jejemons are likely to encounter hate; some had seen their Facebook wall with people wishing their death. Several Facebook fan pages were created both in support and against the group. However, celebrities such as Rico Blanco, Alessandra de Rossi, Ces Drilon, and Lourd de Veyra have condemned the wholesale ridicule of the subculture.YouTube videos were also uploaded parodying the Jejemons, connecting them to the election campaign. Edited television advertisements of Nacionalista Party proclaiming their disdain for Jejemons, and an edited photograph of Gilberto Teodoro with him holding a sign saying that the Jejemons be “brought back to elementary school” went viral.

As part of the pre-school year clean-up of school s for the upcoming 2010-11 school year. the Department of Education (DepEd) strongly discourages students from using Jejemon spelling and grammar, especially in text messaging. Communicating with other using Jejemon are said to cause deterioration of young Filipino students’ language skills. The Department of Education (DepEd) may be concerned about the effect of the jejemon subculture in schoolchildren’s future, but a Filipino professor says there is no cause for alarm. “Lilipas din ‘yan at normal lang na magkaroon ng variations sa language. In fact, healthy pa nga sa wika ‘yun,” said Dr. Jimwell Naval. The professor added that jejemon is just a fad; it will not affect Pinoy lifestyle as a whole. Neither will jejemon, he said, affect the performance of schoolchildren in entrance exams because the use of jeje-speak or jejenese, the “language” of jejemon, is just marginal. Naval called on the DepEd instead to focus on academic issues since jejemon is just a set of codes among today’s kids and is not language or literature. The youth who are into jejemon just want to give a new spin to the Filipino language.

The League of Filipino Students (LFS) is also calling on the DepEd to focus on other problems in education instead of the jejemon issue. “They are barking at the wrong tree pohw. Mas maganda mag-all out war na lang sila sa mga textbook errors at corruption issues sa DepEd imbis na jejemon,” said Terry Ridon of the LFS.    Parents and teachers should be focusing their attention more on forming the values of the young rather than curbing their preference for “jejemon” or unusual or fancy spelling habits when composing text messages, a Roman Catholic prelate Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines’ Episcopal Commission on the Youth chair,  Bishop Joel Baylon said that he believes jejemon addicts were simply expressing themselves and that the unusual way of spelling words will be a ‘passing fad.’ “It’s not to be worried about, because the young people, they are  just doing crazy things. It’s just an expression, a part of lifestyle like their way of dressing, their hairstyle.  It  is  their way to express themselves,” Baylon said.

(Source: Wikipedia, Abs-cbnnews.com, Inquirer.net)